Safety Guidelines For Maintenance of Fire Dampers8150616
Fire Dampers are usually passive fire protection systems that are specially engineered in the way that it gets close if you have a rise in temperature so as to steer clear of the spread of fire.
Fire Dampers can be used for avoiding fire, so proper steps ought to be taken for proper repair off these dampers. It is important to prevent multiplication of fireside that is caused inside the ductwork and in addition prevent transmission of flame where air ducts penetrate fire barriers.
Initially, proper testing should be done during its installation that's operational testing should be carried out of fireside damper in order to ensure it is functional and there's full use of it too becasue it is components, verification should be carried out that the tools are placed properly within their spots, along with other important verifications. This all testing done should then be documented that has all details in regards to the fire damper and instructions regarding its installation.
After the period of twelve months of installing fire and smoke dampers, it's important to become inspected according to the National Fire Protection Standard and therefore the frequency should be every Four years and 6 years for hospitals.
The following activities must be performed at the time of inspection:-
1] The fusible links for fire dampers where it is applicable should be removed for testing purpose.
2] All dampers should be operated to be able to verify which they close properly and fully to avoid spread of fire.
3] If the latch is being provided than it needs to be checked and moving parts lubricated if required.
4] There's no interference as a result of rust, misalignment, damaged frames or blades, defective hinges or parts, or bent tracks should be confirmed.
5] All inspections done of fire and smoke dampers ought to be documented properly including the facts like the location of inspection, date of inspection, inspector, and applicable deficiencies.
6] In the event the damper just isn't operating properly compared to repairs shall begin without having done any delay.
Smoke dampers are intended for installation in ducts and air transfer openings which are specially engineered to resist the passage of air and smoke. Other safety measures which should be taken care of are:-
• It ought to be checked on the proper basis the external components of each damper for indications of physical damage, obstructions preventing proper functioning, defective and missing parts, and proper labeling.
• Verification ought to be done about the proper sealing of the damper.
• Ensure that the damper is able close fully.
• There shouldn't be blockage in the closure and should 't be penetrated by any foreign objects as it affects fire damper operations.
• It must be ensured that if fusible link is damaged compared to being substituted with a hyperlink of the identical size, temperature, and load rating.
Thus testing and safety measures are necessary being done this as to be sure that it works at its best at the time of fire and life safety event where it's most important to work. It is crucial for doing inspections regularly so the product is always ready because we can't predict if the unexpected event will occur.